The winter wheat crop is maturing earlier than usual, according to Kansas Agricultural statistics and the Kansas State University Research and Extension Service May 15.

Statewide, winter wheat headed is estimated at 86%, compared with 54% last week, 64% for the previous year and 47% for the five-year average.

Winter wheat condition declined slightly with 51% reported in good to excellent condition, compared with 55% last week.

Greenbugs, wheat streak mosaic and barley yellow dwarf continue to be the most commonly reported problems with wheat.

Corn planting continues and is estimated to be 92% complete, compared with 66% the previous year and 73% for the five-year average.

Corn emerged is estimated at 71%, compared with 25% last year. Corn condition is rated 1% poor, 18% fair, 73% good and 8% excellent.

Insects reported in corn include corn flea beetles, cutworms and wire worms. Spraying for flea beetles is ongoing in some areas.

Soybeans planted is reported 46% complete, compared with 10% last year and 14% for the five-year average.

Soybeans emerged is 22%, compared with 2% last year.

Bean leaf beetles are being reported in some fields.

Sorghum planting is reported at 22% complete, compared with 6% last year and 9% for the average.

Sorghum emerged is at 9%.

Chinch bugs are being reported in some areas.

First cutting on alfalfa is 27% cut, compared with 18% for last year and 12% for the five-year average.

Some farmers continue to spray for alfalfa weevils. Some blister beetles were noted.

Precipitation varied widely, anywhere from little or none up to several inches; but hot drying winds stressed crops and reduced soil moisture levels in many areas last week.

Statewide, an average of 5.5 days was suitable for field work.

Topsoil moisture is rated 3% very short, 28% short, 65% adequate and 4% surplus. The subsoil moisture profile is rated 3% very short, 29% short, 67% adequate and 1% surplus.

Pastures conditions are rated 8% excellent, 55% good, 30% fair, 6% poor and 1% very poor.

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