KANSAS CITY (B)--Although it was dry in eastern portions of the U.S. Midwest this past week, and farmers made some progress on the fall harvest, producers in other parts of the corn and soybean belt were not as fortunate. If it didn't rain, wet soils from last week's rain limited the amount of time they could spend getting the crops out.
The rain and wet weather also limited wheat planting, and progress is behind last year and the average, according to the U.S. Agricultural Statistics Service. Eighty-five percent of the crop was planted by the end of last week, compared with 81% the previous week, 99% last year and the 93% average.
Winter wheat was 72% emerged, well ahead of last week's 59%, but behind last year's 78% and the 81% average.
Of the crop that was planted and emerged, however, the condition was up slightly from a year ago.
Grain merchandisers in the U.S. Plains states said the rain helped the crop condition in most fields where it was planted and emerged. Many referred to the old rule-of-thumb saying "rain makes grain."
Farmers who had planted their wheat before the rains began also were glad they had, the sources said. Crop progress was good, and the plants tended to look healthy, indicating a good harvest is under way.
In the major corn producing states, 92% of the crop was said to have been harvested, compared with 87% a week ago, 94% last year and the average of 83%.
Grain merchandisers said some areas in Ohio were running out of on-farm storage space, prompting farmers in the affected areas to sell the rest of the harvest. They stressed, though that total volumes when compared with the rest of the United States would be small. There also were areas in Indiana, where on-farm storage was still available, and farmers there were doing the same procedures as those in other areas of the Midwest--getting what they could from the Farm Service Agency and storing the grain for better prices.
Most merchandisers around the United States reported local soybean harvest was virtually done, and Agricultural Statistics Service figures tend to bear that out. Ninety-five percent of the crop was said to be in the bin, compared with 91% last week, 96% a year ago and the 92% average. In the major producing states, only a few unharvested fields dot the landscape.
Sorghum was 94% harvested, ahead of last week's 92%, last year's 91% and the 85% average.
Kansas winter wheat seedings, slowed by rain and wet field conditions, progressed only 6 percentage points from last week. Statewide, an average of two days were suitable for field work. Topsoil moisture supplies are now rated 4% very short, 17% short, 69% adequate, and 10% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies are rated 20% very short, 36% short, 42% adequate, and 2% surplus.
Ninety-six percent of the winter wheat crop is now seeded, behind both the 99% last year and 98% for the five year average. wheat has emerged on 81% of the acreage, compared with 90% last year and 91% for the five-year average. Two percent of the wheat is currently being pastured compared with 5% last year and 3% for the five-year average. The wheat condition is rated 6% excellent, 45% good, 39% fair, 8% poor, and 2% very poor.
Nebraska corn harvest was 95% complete, compared to 92% last year and 80% average.