Rain fell across many areas of the state during the week ending June 29, improving crop and pasture conditions, according to the Texas Agricultural Statistics Service, June 30.
Some rain was accompanied by high winds and hail. In the Plains, cooler temperatures slowed evaporation, but also slowed crop development. High temperatures and moisture shortages were stressing row crops and pastures in drier areas. Planting, replanting and harvesting were slowed in areas where fields were too wet to support machinery. In areas where moisture levels were adequate, producers attempted to finish row crop planting. Cutting and baling hay continued where conditions allowed. Rainfall improved the outlook for more cuttings of hay. Harvesting of small grains was winding down in most remaining areas. Vegetables continued to make progress in many areas, and harvesting continued throughout the state. Most cattle were in good to fair condition, but supplemental feeding continued in areas where a lack of moisture prevented sufficient pasture growth. Untimely rains ruined some alfalfa hay that was drying.
Harvest remained active in some locations, but was nearly completed in most areas. Yields have been variable, but most quality has been about normal. Statewide, wheat condition was rated at 44% of normal compared with 37% last year.
Development continued across the state. Irrigated corn made the most progress, while some dryland corn was suffering from lack of water in various locations. Most corn fields in southern regions were beginning to dry down. Statewide, corn condition was rated at 62% of normal, the same as last year.
Rain, wind and hail continued to affect cotton fields across some areas of the Plains. Producers were in the last stages of planting and replanting fields where conditions allowed. Some insect pressure was present, but was light in most areas. Fields in Southern and Central areas were progressing well under mostly favorable growing conditions. Statewide, cotton condition was rated at 54% of normal compared with 57% last year.
Producers continued planting activities across the Plains. Irrigated acres continued to make good progress, while rains improved dryland sorghum. Additional acreage was expected to be planted after failed cotton and in fields that missed the planting deadline. Harvest activities were gaining momentum in southern areas. Statewide, sorghum condition was rated at 71% of normal compared with 58% last year.
Plants were growing well and were pegging in the Plains. Most fields managed to escape hail damage. In other areas peanuts made good progress. Most peanut areas benefited greatly from the increased moisture. Statewide, peanut condition was rated at 83% of normal compared with 81% last year.
Fields continued to head out and make good progress. Statewide, rice condition was rated at 88% of normal, compared with 91% last year.
Planting of remaining soybeans on the Plains was delayed due to the weather, but generally planting has been completed. Producers continued planting behind hailed out cotton as conditions improved. Early planted fields were maturing along the Upper Coast. Crop progress was generally good across the state.
In the Rio Grande Valley harvest was wrapping up for onions, cabbage and other vegetables. Watermelon and cantaloupe harvest continued. Soil moisture levels were favorable in some areas.
In the San Antonio-Winter Garden area, summer vegetable and melon harvest was delayed by rain in some areas. Insect pressure on vegetables was a concern in some locations.
In East Texas, rains have been good for vegetable production. Some vegetables that were not too far along benefited greatly from the rain. Most vegetable crops were producing above average yields. Tomatoes were being harvested for fresh markets. Watermelon harvest was in full swing with prices holding well. Peach harvest continued with good yields. Disease pressure was moderate on fruits and vegetables.
Pecans were growing well and filling out nicely with few insect problems. Additional rain in some areas helped to reduce Pecan Nut Casebearer problems. Development was favorable with recent rainfall and the crop looks good overall. Range and pastures were turning green in areas that recently received rainfall. Hay cutting was in full swing, yielding a normal production.
Some hay remained on the ground in some areas; producers were hoping for a few weeks of open weather to resume baling. Supplemental feeding continues in some areas where pasture conditions were poor. Body condition scores on cattle were good with a few in fair condition. Weaning and selling of calves was in progress for many producers. Some stock tanks, which had been getting low, were filled by rains in some areas. Horn and heel flies remained a nuisance. Marketing of late lambs and goats was active.