The corn harvest is underway throughout the state.
Hot, dry weather continues hastening the maturity of all row crops according tot he Missouri Agricultural Statistics Service Sept. 11.
Topsoil moisture supply is rated as 40% very short, 37% short, 22% adequate and 1% surplus. The percent of top soil rated as short or very short increased 11 points from last week. All districts except the north-central, northeast, and east central reported 80% or greater short or very short moisture ratings.
An average of 6.7 days were suitable for fieldwork.
Sixty-two percent of the soybean crop is turning color and 31% is dropping leaves. Development is about a week ahead of last year and 10 days ahead of normal. Some of the crop, particularly in the west-central and southwest districts is being forced into early maturity by the hot, dry weather. Soybean condition is rated as 5% very poor, 14% poor, 31% fair, 39% good and 11% excellent.
Sudden Death Syndrome in soybeans continues to show up in scattered fields across the state.
The corn crop is 86% mature and 28% harvested. Development is one week ahead of last year and two weeks ahead of normal. The hot weather has caused rapid drying of the corn crop. Percent of corn harvested ranges from about 10% in the northeast district to 72% in the southwest and southeast districts.
Corn condition is 3% poor, 23% fair, 51% good and 23% excellent, down slightly from last week.
Cotton condition is rated as 14% poor, 35% fair, 45% good and 6% excellent. The percent of cotton rated poor increased eight points from last week. Fifty-nine percent of the cotton has begun opening bolls, one day behind normal.
Ninety-three percent of the sorghum crop is turning color or beyond, 62% is mature, and 12% is harvested, 13 days ahead of normal. Condition of sorghum is 1% very poor, 7% poor, 28% fair, 53% good and 11% excellent.
Pasture is rated as 28% very poor, 28% poor, 28% fair, 15% good and 1% excellent. Pastures are rapidly drying up due to lack of moisture. Livestock producers were feeding hay in some central and southern areas of the state.
Temperatures ranged from one degree below average to six degrees above average.
Weekly rainfall averaged 0.05 inch, ranging from none in the north-central, northeast and central districts to 0.34 inch in the southeast district.