Widespread rainfall resulted in this being the wettest week since June 1998. Weekly rainfall totals varied from 0.27 inch up to 7.97 inches. Radar estimated rain totals as high as 15 inches in a small area according to Iowa Agricultural Statistics Service June 26.
The statewide average precipitation was 2.43 inches or more than double the weekly normal of 1.04 inches. The heaviest rains this past week generally fell over the driest regions of the state.
In the east central section of the state, there were reports of excessive soil erosion and water standing in low spots, causing crops to be planted for the third time. Producers in the western and southwestern parts of the state however are still needing more rain. Across the state, getting soybeans sprayed continued to be a problem this week. High winds and wet weather for some slowed or made herbicide application difficult. Hot southwesterly winds were also being blamed for stressing some crops in the west central and northwest areas of the state.
Statewide there were 5.5 days suitable for field work. As of the same date, topsoil moisture was rated 11% very short, 26% short, 56% adequate, and 7% surplus. Subsoil moisture was rated 27% very short, 35% short, 35 % adequate, and 3% surplus.
Corn cultivated for the first time increased to 72% complete, ahead of both last year's 56% and the average of 50% cultivated by the same date. Corn stands were reported as 94% of normal. The tallest corn, without extending the leaf, was 47 inches, ahead of last year's 37 inches and the average of 32 inches by this date. The average height of corn without extending the leaf was 35 inches, also ahead of last year's 26 inches and the average of 21 inches. The condition of corn crop declined slightly to rate 1% very poor, 6% poor, 24% fair, 48% good, and 21% excellent.
Soybeans are beginning to bloom, with 12% of the acreage in bloom. This compares to 1% last year and 2 % for the average. The soybean crop condition across Iowa declined and was rated 2% very poor, 7% poor, 29% fair, 48% good, and 14% excellent.
Oat crop was 98% headed, compared with 94 % last year at this date and 69% on average. Oats are turning color on 38% of the acreage, ahead of both last year's 14% as well as the average of 9%. The oat crop condition declined slightly statewide to 1% very poor, 8% poor, 27% fair, 51% good, and 13% excellent.
Harvesting of the state's winter wheat continues with 14% complete statewide by June 25. The condition of winter wheat declined from one week ago and rated 1% very poor, 9 % poor, 30% fair, 47% good, and 13% excellent.
Livestock across the state are generally in good condition. In northeast and east central Iowa, pastures are growing well with cattle barely keeping up with the grass. However, the west central and the southern third of the state continue to see a shortage of hay, and some pastures are drying up.
Range and pasture condition was rated 14% very poor, 23% poor, 33% fair, 23% good, and 7% excellent. Ninety-nine percent of the first cutting of alfalfa has been completed statewide, ahead of last year's 86% and the average of 79%.
The harvest of the second cutting of alfalfa reached 13%, compared with last year's 4% and the average of 3% complete. The first cutting of clover hay was 85% complete, ahead of both last year's 59 % and the average of 46%. The condition of hay crop declined from one week ago to rate 9% very poor, 15% poor, 29 % fair, 34% good, and 13% excellent.