South Dakota

Producers in South Dakota intend to plant an additional 300,000 acres of soybeans this year, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture's South Dakota Agricultural Statistics Service.

Increased acreage is also expected in durum wheat, oats, sorghum and all hay, while corn, spring wheat, sunflower and barley planting intentions are down. Any planting changes due to weather or other factors will be accounted for when actual plantings are obtained in early June.

Soybean plantings are expected to total 4.70 million acres, up 7% from last year's record of 4.40 million acres. Intentions are for seeding genetically modified soybeans on 77% of the acres, compared to 68% last year.

Corn plantings are expected to be 4.10 million acres, down 5% from 2000. Producers plan to plant 46% of these acres to genetically modified (GM) corn varieties.

Producers intend to plant 29% of the acres to insect resistant (Bt) varieties, down from 35% last year. Herbicide resistant varieties are expected to be used on 14% of the acres, compared to 11% in 2000, while stacked gene varieties will account for only 3% of the acres, versus 2% a year earlier.

Sunflower acreage is expected to total 650,000 acres, down 12% from last year. Oil sunflowers will account for 600,000 acres, down 14% from 2000. Non-oil sunflowers account for 50,000 acres, up 25% from 2000.

Sorghum planted acreage is expected to total 190,000 acres, up 6% from last year.

Winter wheat acres seeded last fall totaled 1.30 million acres, down 4% from the previous estimate, and also down 4% from last year.

Other spring wheat seeding intentions are at 1.55 million acres, down 6% from 2000's 1.65 million acres.

Durum wheat seeding intentions, at 25,000 acres, are up 25% from last year.

Oats to be seeded, estimated at 370,000 acres, are up 6% from 2000.

Barley seedings, estimated at 90,000 acres, are down 22% from 2000.

Dry edible bean planting intentions, estimated at 11,000 acres, remain unchanged from last year.

All hay harvested acreage is estimated at 4.20 million acres, up 4% from last year.

March 1 stocks of both soybeans and corn are at record levels.

Large carry-over stocks, depressed prices and excellent yields contributed to the large supplies. All wheat stocks have declined from last year while other stocks are up. Total stocks included grain on farms, grain in mills and elevators, grain in government storage bins, and grain stored under the farmer- owned Grain Reserve Program.

Corn stocks totaled 245.7 million bushels, up 12% from the record 220.2 million on March 1, 1999. On-farm grain stocks accounted for 200.0 million bushels, up 30 million bushels from last year.

Soybean stocks totaled 76.5 million bushels, up 29% from the 59.5 million last year. This was the highest March 1 stocks on record and follows record production. On-farm stocks represented 58.0 million bushels or 76% of the total, compared to 44.0 million last March.

All wheat stocks, at 66.6 million bushels, were down 9% from last year. On-farm stocks totaled 48.0 million, compared to 54.0 million last year. Off-farm stocks, at 18.6 million bushels, were down 3% from last March.

Oat stocks, at 8.7 million bushels, were up 10% from March 1, 2000. On-farm stocks were 8.0 million bushels, up 14% from last year.

Barley stocks totaled 1.97 million bushels, up 19% from March 2000. On-farm stocks totaled 1.6 million bushels, up 23% from the previous year.

Sorghum off-farm stocks, at 336,000 bushels, are up 88% from last year's 179,000, and are 71% of the 472,000 five-year average.

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