Irrigation water supplies rated adequate in over half of the state during the week ending July 6, according to the Wyoming Agricultural Statistics Service, July 7.
Across the state, precipitation levels were below normal except for some rain in the east. Daytime highs reached as high as 100 and nighttime temperatures were mostly in the 40s and 50s. The dry weather helped push crop growth and facilitated hay harvest. The dry conditions allowed for seven days of fieldwork.
Lack of precipitation decreased soil moisture across the state. Topsoil moisture supplies dropped eight points to 55% adequate or surplus, compared to 63% last week. However, this is still 50 points higher than last year at this time, and 19 points above the five-year average for this date.
The warmer temperatures facilitated crop growth, and most crops saw improvement in condition. Spring wheat and winter wheat
progress continued to be behind average, while barley and oats crop progress remained near or a little ahead of the average pace. Condition of barley improved slightly with 73% of the crop rated in good or excellent condition. Oats improved by three points with 71% rated good or excellent. Spring wheat condition also improved with 57% in good condition, 11 points higher than the previous week. Winter wheat condition, at 73% good or excellent, was three points higher than last week.
Winter wheat progress remained well behind last year's early crop and the five-year average pace with 56% turning color and nine percent mature. However, condition of the winter wheat improved by four points with 73% of the crop now rated in good to excellent condition.
Sugarbeet crop condition improved slightly with eight percent rated in excellent condition and 78% rated in good condition. Corn condition also improved with 26% in the excellent category compared with 20% during the week. The average height of the corn crop was 29 inches, ahead of last year and the five-year average. All the dry beans were emerged, and five percent were blooming behind last year and the five-year average pace. Dry bean condition remained virtually unchanged with 82% of the crop in good to excellent condition.
The dry weather allowed for increased hay cutting with 70% of the first cutting of alfalfa complete, ahead of average pace. About 25% of other hay was harvested, which was on average pace.
Irrigation water supplies were rated adequate in 59% of the state. This is down seven points from two weeks ago, but much better than last year's 20% adequate.
The long, slow improvement in pasture feed supplies ended this week as conditions dropped slightly from last week. At week's end, 48% of the State was rated good or excellent, well above last year when only four percent was rated good and better than the five-year average of 41%. Pastures were beginning to show some heat stress. Cattle, calves, sheep, and lambs were almost all in good condition.
For the week ending July 4, temperatures were warmer than normal and precipitation was below normal. Average temperatures ranged from 0.5 degrees above normal in Casper to 4.9 degrees above normal in Evanston and Big Piney. The highest temperature of 100 degrees was reported in Greybull. Jackson reported the lowest temperature at 36 degrees. Highs ranged from the mid 80s to the high 90s. Lows ranged from the high 30s to the low 50s. The heaviest precipitation amounts fell in Torrington with 0.75 inch and Wheatland with 0.70 inch. Most stations outside the southeast region had no precipitation.