Warmer temperatures last week allowed wheat to mature quickly and hay harvest to progress well, according to the Nebraska Agricultural Statistics Service June 18.
Storm systems last week and Sunday night caused some local damage from hail, wind and excessive rain.
Producer activities included hilling and setting irrigation pipe, cultivating and spraying for weeds and insects.
Temperatures last week averaged four to five degrees above normals, except for the Panhandle, which was one to three degrees below normals. Precipitation amounts of one inch or more were recorded in many east central and southeastern counties. Southwestern counties have received below normal rainfall since April 1, with nearly half of the counties reporting short topsoil and subsoil moisture supplies.
Winter wheat crop was rated 4% very poor, 16% poor, 37% fair, 38% good and 5% excellent. Ninety-three percent of the acreage had headed, behind last year, at 100% and average, at 97%. Forty-four percent of the acreage had turned color by week's end, behind last year, at 74% and average, at 34%. Wheat harvest is expected to begin the first week of July across the state.
Corn condition was rated 4% poor, 22% fair, 56% good, and 18% excellent. Weed and insect control activities were in progress.
Nearly all of the soybean-planted acreage has emerged to date. Condition was rated 1% very poor, 5% poor, 29% fair, 55% good and 10% excellent.
Sorghum planting progressed to 96% seeded. A year ago, 100% had been planted and 97% for the average. Eighty-two percent had emerged, compared with 96% last year and 84% average. Condition was rated 1% very poor, 5% poor, 31% fair, 59% good and 4% excellent.
Oat condition was rated 3% poor, 23% fair, 62% good and 12% excellent. Heading made good progress last week, with 50% headed. This compared with 81% last year and 53% average.
Dry bean planting was 92% complete, with 52% emerged by week's end. Condition was rated 2% poor, 32% fair, 61% good and 5% excellent.
First cutting alfalfa harvest progressed to 89% complete. Last year, harvest was 93% complete, with the average at 74%. Second cutting activities were just beginning, in eastern and southern districts, with 3% harvested to date. Conditions were rated 1% very poor, 4% poor, 21% fair, 58% good and 16% excellent. Cutworms and alfalfa weevil were present with producers spraying for control.
Pasture and range conditions were rated 1% very poor, 5% poor, 26% fair, 56% good and 12% excellent.