Corn and sorghum producers made major progress harvesting their crops last week. This feverish pace has allowed the crops to be ahead of the five year averages by 13 and 36%, respectively, according to the Oklahoma Agricultural Statistics Service Oct. 2.

Cooler temperatures covered the majority of the state, however most areas failed to receive any rainfall. Overall, most row crops and pastures showed little if any improvements as a result of the previous week's thunderstorms.

More rainfall is desperately needed to replenish diminishing topsoil and subsoil moisture. Planting of fall small grains remained slow in most areas, although some producers have dusted in their crop in hopes of future rainfall. Farmers had 6.6 days suitable for fieldwork during the week.

Dry planting of wheat, rye, and oats continued in varied locations across the state, however many producers have elected to wait for more adequate rainfall before planting. wheat seeding progressed last week and is now at 23% planted, behind the five-year average of 35%. wheat fields that have been dusted in will need future rains to provide good emergence of the crop.

The previous week's rainfall resulted in little to no improvements for most row crops statewide. Corn and sorghum harvest continued to run at an accelerated pace last week. The corn crop was 88% harvested and sorghum 48% harvested.

Sorghum conditions were varied, but the crop in the Southwest district has been the most adversely affected by the persistent dry conditions.

Soybean harvest jumped ahead last week where maturity was reached and an additional 18% of the crop was harvested. Soybeans were in mostly poor condition.

Digging and combining of peanuts continued on a limited scale last week and the crop is rated in mostly fair condition. Cotton harvest continued on a much wider scale with 18% of the crop harvested by week's end.

Both alfalfa and all other hay were in mostly fair condition. The fourth cutting of alfalfa continued slowly and totaled 77% complete, while the fifth cutting of alfalfa was 34% cut by week's end.

The moisture from the previous week's rain brought improvement to some areas of the state, however pasture conditions remained in mostly poor condition statewide. Pasture conditions in the Southern districts continue to be the most unfavorable. Supplemental feeding continued in critical areas and prospects for winter pasture remains a major concern for producers.

Livestock remained in mostly good to fair condition statewide. Water levels continued to decline statewide and hauling water in critical areas was needed. Herd reduction occurred in some areas and future culling remained a good possibility if current conditions prevail. Cattle auctions reported slightly above average marketings for the week. Prices for all feeder steers less than 800 pounds averaged $1 to nearly $2 per cwt. higher than the preceding week. Insect pressures on cattle were light to moderate statewide.

Temperatures ranged from 28.6 degrees at Boise City on Monday, Sept. 25 to 99.2 degrees at Slapout on Sunday, Oct. 1. Precipitation averaged 0.00 in. six of nine districts to 0.03 in. Southeast district. Individual Mesonet stations ranged from 0.00 in. to 0.01 in. throughout the state. Soil temperatures averaged 56.4 degrees at Foraker on Monday, Sept. 25 to 79.2 degrees at Foraker on Sunday, Oct. 1.

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