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ISSUE DATE: 05/19/2014

Managing hay waste starts at beginning

By Kylene Scott

More than 8 million hits are produced from a web search for reducing hay waste. With as expensive as hay and other forages are, how can farmers and ranchers reduce waste when feeding round bales to their livestock? Can something be done from the very beginning? Is research being done to find solutions? There are many Extension publications available for hay production and livestock feeding tips for farmers and ranchers.

Starting off

When hay is harvested and baled, how it is put up will determine its life in storage, movement and ultimately feeding. Once cut, cells in forage plants respire until their moisture content reaches 35 percent to 40 percent. Warm, dry and breezy days dry hay rapidly after it’s cut. When it’s too dry, the bales fall apart. When it’s too wet, they don’t store well. Researchers wrote in the Beef Cattle Handbook, a product of the Extension Beef Cattle Resource Committee, quality losses during curing cannot be eliminated, but cutting hay when good drying weather is expected will reduce respiration losses considerably.

Once moisture content of hay goes below 35 percent to 40 percent, researchers say, weathering and handling cause most harvest losses.


NEWS

CDC reports latest trends in U.S. foodborne illness cases
Climate report: Changes disrupt Americans' lives
FDA proposes changes to food labels
Iowa State University faculty contribute to National Climate Assessment
Kansas Lions Clubs free mobile screening unit joins 3i Show
K-State's College of Agriculture dean discusses how past trends dictate positive future
Missouri had roller-coaster ride weather-wise
Proclamations signed in honor of 100th anniversary of Cooperative Exension Service
USDA declares 5 Kansas counties primary disaster areas

CROPS

Ag manufacturer to celebrate expansion
Canola challenges Oklahoma wheat
Chestnuts are a lucrative crop for family farmers
Colorado Futures Center tours state to educate on fiscal challenges
Conservation compliance still required for USDA farm program benefits
Corn associations meet to share insights
Cotton Board develops strategic priorities at annual meeting
Crop specialist explains record number of soybean acres
Family farming and ranching is the economic engine of Nebraska
High seed yields depend on two management practices
Iowa Farm Bureau to host economic summit
Lahoma Wheat Field Day affected by drought, freezes
MGGA crop survey begins
Modern technology helps cotton production, harvest
NCC chooses Emerging Leaders Program participants
Nebraska Wheat Board announces annual budget meeting
Producer Information Exchange program tour dates set
Rapid spread of resistant weeds shows need for zero-tolerance weed control
River Valley Extension District to host wheat plot tours in June
Safety Day Camp set for May 30
Science in Ag Day offers students insight into ag, science
Texas dryland farmer voted 2014 national 'Farm Mom of the Year'
USDA, Interior Department green light conservation practices for farmers, ranchers and landowners

LIVESTOCK

2014 AJBA 'All American' set for June 23-28
2014 Nebraska Leopold Conservation Award recipient announced
Alliance Stakeholders Summit panelists tackle tough issues, spot food trends
Brownback signs proclamation declaring May as Kansas Beef Month
CDA encourages biosecurity practices to prevent emerging disease
Consider feed options during drought
Dodge City Cargill announces layoffs
Free 'Youth Livestock Safety' video now available
Iowa State students use art to learn about livestock
Junior Limousin, Gelbvieh conference set for August
KLA working with state officials on new tax law interpretation
K-State Cattle Feeders College planned for May 22 in Sublette
K-State names Schultz as outstanding animal sciences senior
Livestock handling workshop attracts large, diverse crowd
Marbling, maternal cows work
MCA to host annual All-Breeds Junior Show
Nebraska State of Beef Conference planned for November
NMSU Ranchers' Roundtable addresses post-drought rangeland recovery
Reins For Renewal joins 3i Show
Researchers find a new gene expression mechanism of PRRS virus
Researchers find cost-effective diets for pregnant beef cows
Sheep producers and USDA officials share goals
Students awarded Wheels For Bucks scholarships by Merck, KLF
Students help with swine industry research at Iowa State
Swine virus causes changes to livestock weigh-ins
Tilghman hired to coordinate Gelbvieh junior activities

EDITOR

A screw Loos, perhaps?
Food fight!
Wheat woes and worries

COLUMNS

Big Data: Who wins, who loses?
Chrome won't get you home
Company's designs tractor for orchards, vineyards
Drought has changed local cattle markets
EPA's McCarthy attempts to build bridges with ag community
Seed company adding to high-performing line
Stubble can be part of profit mix
The consumers are hungry

MARKETS

Amarillo livestock sales summary report
Dodge City livestock auction report
Georgia livestock auction summary
Grain bids mostly higher
Grain market close
Hay trade slow to moderate
High Plains slaughter cattle sales report
Many areas of state receive rainfall Texas
Most hay classes steady
OKC West livestock market report
Pratt 3 p.m. cattle sales report
Salina livestock auction report
Springfield livestock marketing center
Tulsa livestock sales report
Weather continues to deteriorate wheat crop Kansas
Wet, cool conditions persist South Dakota

RANGE

Cool weather slows pasture grasses; seeds emerge before full leaf growth
Managing hay waste starts at beginning

FAMILY

ABCs of fertilizer
Cedarwood's handsome exterior a prelude to inside
Fitting, showing clinic planned
Helpful household tips
HPWD supports research to determine best turfgrass varieties for semi-arid climates
Meditation
OSU Extension offers summer youth workshops
Pet owners advised to vaccinate against rabies
Plan now for summer gardens
Pleasanton High School Team wins 2014 Kansas Wildlife Habitat Evaluation Contest
Setting out tomatoes
Spruce trees showing winter burn
Super simple ground beef main dishes

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