Severe weather moved across state Oklahoma
Severe weather moved through the state during the week ending April 27, according to the National Agricultural Statistics Service, Oklahoma Field Office, April 28.
There were reports of hail damage in Central and Southeastern Oklahoma. The storm continued to move east, where the first deadly tornado of the year hit Ottawa County. The tornado destroyed homes and businesses as it continued to move east toward the Arkansas and Missouri state lines. Minimal rain fell with this storm.
Precipitation last week ranged from 0.03 of an inch in the Panhandle to 1.45 inches in the Southeast District. The dryline formed across the state leaving the western portion dry. Any moisture received was carried away by the high winds. Precipitation in Southeast Oklahoma was welcomed but more is needed to improve forages and fill stock ponds. Drought conditions continued to worsen, especially in the Northwestern portion of the state.
Small grain crop assessments will be made in the upcoming Ag Yield producer survey during the week of April 27; results will be issued in the May Crop Production report issued May 9. Winter wheat was struggling due to the prolonged drought and the freeze from the previous week. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 28 percent adequate to surplus and 72 percent short to very short. Subsoil moisture conditions were rated 20 percent adequate to surplus and 80 percent short to very short. There were 5.8 days suitable for fieldwork on average across the state.
Winter wheat conditions were rated mostly poor to very poor with 26 percent rated fair. Winter wheat jointing reached 90 percent, two points behind last year. Winter wheat headed reached 45 percent by April 27, 26 points ahead of the previous year and 14 points behind the five year average.
Canola conditions were rated 75 percent poor to very poor, with 19 percent rated fair. Canola blooming reached 88 percent by week’s end, the same as this time last year.
Fifty-four percent of oats were rated poor to very poor. Eighty-three percent of oats had been seeded by April 27, 17 points behind the previous year and 16 points behind the five-year average. Oats emerged reached 74 percent by week’s end, up 1 point from last week. Oats jointing reached 32 percent, compared to 59 percent the previous year and 70 percent on the five-year average.
Rye conditions were rated 72 percent fair to poor. Rye jointing reached 59 percent complete by April 27, 40 points behind the five-year average.
Planting of row crops were in full swing last week. Seedbed preparation for corn reached 90 percent by week’s end, 2 points behind last year. Corn planted reached 64 percent compared to 33 percent one year ago. Corn emerged reached 27 percent by week’s end, 11 points ahead of last year and 4 points ahead of the five-year average. Sorghum seedbed preparation was 72 percent complete compared to 55 percent last year and 60 percent on the five-year average. Soybean seedbed preparation reached 53 percent complete by April 27, up 14 points from last year and 3 points ahead of the five-year average. Soybeans planted reached 7 percent by week’s end, on track with the five-year average. Seedbed preparation of cotton was 80 percent complete by the end of the week, 6 points ahead of last year.
Peanut seedbed preparation reached 71 percent complete, 10 points ahead of last year. Peanuts planted reached 7 percent by April 27.
Range and pasture conditions continued to be rated mostly fair to poor. Rain is still needed to fill ponds and see any growth in pastures. Producers continued to provide hay and supplemental feed to livestock. Livestock conditions were rated 86 percent good to fair.