Dryland crops stressing if missed rains Kansas
For the week ending Aug. 17, precipitation was limited to the northern half of the state, with totals less than a half inch in most areas, according to the National Agricultural Statistics Service, Kansas Field Office, Aug. 18.
Temperatures were cooler than normal in the eastern half of Kansas and normal to slightly above normal in the west. Dry land row crops that have been missed by the recent rain were showing signs of stress. Farmers have been busy preparing wheat fields for seeding, applying fertilizer, and cutting hay and silage. There were 6.1 days suitable for fieldwork.
Topsoil moisture rated 13 percent very short, 32 percent short, 53 percent adequate, and 2 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture rated 19 percent very short, 35 percent short, 45 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus.
Corn conditions rated 6 percent very poor, 9 percent poor, 30 percent fair, 42 percent good, and 13 percent excellent. Corn in the dough stage was 79 percent, ahead of 72 percent last year, and near five-year average of 81 percent. Corn dented was 30 percent, ahead of 18 percent last year, but behind 42 percent average. Corn mature was 4 percent, ahead of 0 percent last year, but behind 13 percent average.
Sorghum conditions rated 3 percent very poor, 9 percent poor, 33 percent fair, 46 percent good, and 9 percent excellent. Sorghum headed was 65 percent, near 68 percent last year and average. Sorghum coloring was 10 percent, near 6 percent last year and equal to the average.
Soybean conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 8 percent poor, 37 percent fair, 44 percent good, and 9 percent excellent. Soybeans blooming was 89 percent, near 85 percent last year and equal to the average. Soybeans setting pods was 63 percent, ahead of 54 percent last year and near 60 percent average.
Sunflower conditions rated 3 percent very poor, 5 percent poor, 33 percent fair, 51 percent good, and 8 percent excellent. Sunflowers blooming was 57 percent, behind 63 percent last year and 71 percent average.
Cotton conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 5 percent poor, 36 percent fair, 51 percent good, and 7 percent excellent. Cotton squaring was 87 percent, near 86 percent last year, but behind 95 percent average. Cotton setting bolls was at 38 percent, behind 43 percent last year and well behind 69 percent average. Cotton bolls opening was at 6 percent, ahead of 1 percent last year and near the average of 4 percent.
Alfalfa hay conditions were 4 percent very poor, 12 percent poor, 39 percent fair, 37 percent good, and 8 percent excellent. Alfalfa hay third cutting was 73 percent complete, ahead of 50 percent last year, but behind 78 percent average. Alfalfa hay fourth cutting was 3 percent complete, near 1 percent last year, but behind 7 percent average.
Pasture and range conditions rated 7 percent very poor, 17 percent poor, 40 percent fair, 34 percent good, and 2 percent excellent. Stock water supplies rated 8 percent very short, 17 percent short, 74 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus.