GOP prepares bill to cut SNAP by 5 percent
By Larry Dreiling
House Republicans are preparing legislation that would cut the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program—better known as food stamps—by as much as $20.5 billion over the next five years in an effort to downsize a program that many conservatives say has become too bloated in recent years.
A group of Republicans, led by House Majority Leader Eric Cantor, R-VA, has agreed to try to advance the legislation as early as next month. The measure would reduce the $80 billion-a-year food stamp program by as much as 5 percent annually. House conservatives have urged major cuts, as SNAP has doubled in cost since 2008.
This is double the amount of cuts proposed in the House version of the 2013 farm bill that was defeated earlier this summer.
The bill is certain to face strong opposition from the Democratic Senate and President Barack Obama, who have opposed major cuts to the program. They say cuts could drop millions of Americans off the rolls when they are already struggling from the Great Recession.
Reps. Marlin Stutzman of Indiana and Kristi Noem of South Dakota, two Republicans who helped design the bill, said the legislation would find the savings by tightening eligibility standards and imposing new work requirements. It would also likely try to reduce the rolls by requiring drug testing and barring convicted murderers, rapists and pedophiles from receiving food stamps.
Many provisions in the proposed bill were included in farm legislation defeated on the House floor in June, though several were added by amendment. The original farm bill passed by the House Agriculture Committee would have cut food stamps by about $2 billion a year, but conservatives revolted against the bill even after adding additional savings through amendments, saying the cuts weren’t high enough.
After the farm bill defeat, Republican leaders split the legislation in two and passed a bill in July that included only farm programs. They promised a food stamp bill to come later, with deeper cuts.
A spokesman for Cantor, Doug Heye, said the proposed bill will “build on those reforms already considered by the House.”
“That will include common-sense measures, such as work requirements and job training requirements for able-bodied adults without children receiving assistance, that enjoy a broad range of support,” Heye said.
Much of the estimated savings could come from requiring such adults to seek work, a provision that wasn’t in the original bill. The law already requires that they eventually work or receive work training to receive SNAP, but the 2009 stimulus law and waivers issued by the U.S. Department of Agriculture since then have allowed states to set aside those work requirements.
The proposed bill hasn’t been released and its exact cost isn’t yet known, but the Republicans are estimating the cuts would be around $4 billion annually.
A farm bill passed by the Senate in June keeps the food and farm programs together and cuts food stamps by about $400 million a year, or about half a percent. Senate Agriculture Chairwoman Debbie Stabenow, D-MI, accused House leaders Aug. 1 of trying to block the farm bill by proposing something that the Senate would never accept.
“It’s wasted time and effort, it’s not going anywhere,” she said. “It’s not going to become law.”
Current farm law expires at the end of September, and it’s unlikely that both sides will agree on a final farm bill before then, even if the House is able to pass a food stamp bill. Food stamp dollars will continue to flow after the law expires but some farm programs would be in danger. Without an extension or a change in policy, for example, dairy subsidies would revert to decades-old law and cause milk prices to potentially double.
Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid has said he won’t allow another extension after the law was continued once early this year to avert the dairy crisis. Stabenow said an extension would be difficult anyway because many members don’t want to continue certain farm subsidies that would be eliminated under the House and Senate farm bills.
“This is a ticking time bomb here, waiting to go off,” she said. “It makes no sense to see continued political gamesmanship,” said Stabenow said.
“I believe it’s an effort to stop a farm bill from being passed.”
House Agriculture Committee Ranking Member Collin Peterson, said in a statement: “Adding an additional $20 billion in nutrition cuts, on top of the poison pill nutrition amendments that brought down the Agriculture Committee’s bipartisan farm bill in June, effectively kills any hopes of passing a five-year farm bill this year.
“I’ve repeatedly told these guys, we don’t have to do this. If the House would just name conferees, members can conference the House ‘farm only’ bill with the Senate’s farm bill during August and produce a compromise for both Houses to pass.
The Minnesota Democrat added: “Through today’s action, the House majority has clearly shown they have no interest in getting a farm bill done. The American people should be outraged.”
Rep. Rosa DeLauro, ranking Democrat on the House Agriculture Appropriations Subcommittee said in a statement, “Republicans in the House of Representatives have abandoned those who need help getting through tough times. They have doubled down on their bad decision and have given in to the extreme right wing, at the expense of millions of children who could be forced to go to school with empty stomachs.”
House Agriculture Committee Chairman Frank Lucas, R-OK, hinted Aug. 1 that the differences are so “huge and dramatic” between the Senate bill and what the House is proposing that the White House may need to get involved, something the Obama administration has so far declined to do. The White House supported the Senate bill but had threatened a veto of the House bill.
“This may be one of those issues that may need some guidance from on high,” Lucas said.
First, though, Republicans have to get the votes to pass the food stamp bill in the House. That could be difficult as Democrats are likely to be united in opposition and some moderate Republicans may not go along.
Stutzman said he thinks the issue will play well with their constituents when members return to their districts in August. The Republicans say they are trying to focus on the policies, not the number of dollars that would be cut.
“Most people will agree that if you are an able bodied adult without any kids you should find your way off food stamps,” Stutzman said, referring to the proposed work requirements. “I don’t think we will find much disagreement on this.”
Noem agreed, saying that talking about policies and not just dollars “shows that you really care about adding integrity into the program.”
Still, she said, making cuts to the program is a “huge culture change” not only for Democrats but also for some Republicans who have a lot of food stamp recipients in their districts.
“That’s all a big pill to swallow for some of them,” she said.
Meanwhile, just before Congress recessed for their so-called “August work period,”, Reid, along with Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell, R-KY, named the Senate’s conferees to any upcoming conference with House members on any possible farm bill legislation. They are:
Democrats—Stabenow and Sens. Patrick Leahy of Vermont, Tom Harkin of Iowa, Max Baucus of Montana, Sherrod Brown of Ohio, Amy Klobuchar of Minnesota and Michael Bennet of Colorado.
Republicans—Sens. Thad Cochran of Mississippi, and Sens. Pat Roberts of Kansas, Saxby Chambliss of Georgia, John Boozman of Arkansas and John Hoeven of North Dakota.
Mary Clare Jalonick of The Associated Press contributed to this report.
Larry Dreiling can be reached by phone at 785-628-1117, or by email at firstname.lastname@example.org.