Scattered showers aid in fall planting Oklahoma
Small grain planting continued during the week ending Sept. 22, just behind average pace for the state, according to the National Agricultural Statistics Service, Oklahoma Field Office, Sept. 23.
Canola planting was also underway. Moisture received during the week will allow for more progress in planting over the next several weeks. Rainfall was scattered and variable over the past week. Overall an average of 1.1 inches fell across the state, with almost four inches recorded in Burbank in the northeast and only a few tenths recorded at numerous Mesonet stations. For the period since Sept. 1 only half of the normal precipitation has fallen in Oklahoma. Harvest of corn and sorghum continued, but was still behind normal while hay harvest was ahead of normal for the year. More fall-like temperatures arrived, but highs still averaged in the 80s for the week. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 40 percent adequate and 59 percent short to very short. Subsoil moisture conditions improved slightly and were rated 35 percent adequate and 64 percent short to very short. There were 5.5 days suitable for fieldwork.
Planting of wheat was just a few points behind normal while rye was more significantly behind the five-year average. Seventy-five percent of wheat seedbed preparation was complete as of Sept. 22, and 15 percent of wheat had been planted. Rye seedbed prepared was 58 percent complete and 20 percent was planted by the end of the week, 14 points behind the five-year average. Sixty percent of oat seedbed preparation was complete by the end of the week.
Canola seedbed preparation was 76 percent completed by week’s end, and 14 percent had been planted, compared with 18 percent this week last year.
Most row crops were even or ahead of normal progress, but corn harvest continued to be behind the five-year average. Corn reaching the mature stage was 92 percent complete by Sept. 22. Corn harvest was 42 percent complete, 12 points behind the five-year average. Sorghum coloring was 89 percent complete, and 44 percent was mature. Harvest of sorghum was 15 percent complete by the week’s end. Soybeans setting pods was 96 percent complete and 22 percent was mature by week’s end. Half of the peanut crop was mature, and a small portion had been dug by the end of the week. Fifty-six percent of cotton had bolls opening by Sept. 22, on track with the five-year average.
The hay harvest made additional progress, despite rainy weather. Conditions continued to be rated mostly good to fair. A fourth cutting of alfalfa hay was 77 percent complete by Sept. 22 and a fifth cutting was 12 percent complete; both ahead of normal. A second cutting of other hay was 79 percent complete by Sept. 22, 14 points ahead of the five year average.
Condition ratings of pasture and range continued to be rated mostly good to fair. Rainfall and cooler temperatures allowed for cool season forages to begin developing. Livestock was rated mostly in good condition.