Winter canola 2013 acreage increases significantly
By Vic Schoonover
With the crop still emerging from the soil in many places in the Southern Plains, qualified estimates suggest 400,000 acres of winter canola has been planted this fall, said Gene Neuens, Producers Cooperative Oil Mill, oilseed field representative.
“We still have reports coming in from other states as well as Oklahoma farmers,” Neuens said. “We will have better information when we get planting seed figures from seed companies in a few days.”
Right now, Neuens said Oklahoma farmers planted 340,000 acres of canola with Kansas producers planting 40,000 acres and Texas planting 25,000 acres.
“Probably more significantly,” Neuens said, “is how much plantings of winter canola have spread geographically.. This shows farmers are continuing to show interest in the crop even farther away from it’s original planting area.”
He reports winter canola has been planted as far north as the edge of Nebraska in northern Kansas as well as near Fredericksburg, Texas, near San Antonio. Other fields of canola have been planted south of Abilene, Texas, he said.
Extensive acreage has been planted in the Texas Panhandle, he said, along with fields in northeastern Colorado.
Approximately 90 percent of the new crop is in good to excellent condition, he said. Dry conditions in southwestern Oklahoma and northern Kansas required farmers to “dust in” the crop, trusting sufficient rain would come to get the crop growing, he said.
“Farmers and crop technicians are seeing evidence of army worms and diamondback moth larvae in the young canola plants,” he said. “Farmers need to walk across their fields, get down on their knees and look under the young plants to see if either of the pests are there.”
Neuens said he and Heath Sanders, who works for the Great Plains Canola Association and Josh Bushong, Oklahoma State University Extension canola specialist, are always available to help producers solve problems and make decisions about their canola crop.
Neuens can be contacted at 405-760-4205. His email address firstname.lastname@example.org. Sanders’ phone is 580-678-2754. His email address is email@example.com. Bushong’s phone is 405-361-6941 and his email is firstname.lastname@example.org.
Any of these three people are experts on winter canola production and also are able to direct a person to other experts on the crop’s growth habits, harvest and marketing, he said.
Right now, with canola acreage growing each year, Neuens reports Ron Sholar, executive director of the Great Plains Canola Association, and others are seeking to get the crop’s annual acreage and yield reports recorded differently by the USDA National Agricultural Statistical Service.
“Because winter canola was developed from the original canola which is a spring crop, grown in the summer like cotton and corn, winter canola acreage is still included in the USDA spring crops reports.” Neuens said. “We need to get the winter variety of the crop reported in the winter crop category like winter wheat.”
Winter canola was developed by crop scientists at Oklahoma State University and Kansas State University about a decade ago to find a crop which could be grown in rotation with continuously-grown wheat. Grown for decades year after year in the same fields, wheat had accumulated different perennial weeds like winter rye and cheat grass.
Seed from these weeds is found in wheat seed at harvest. When farmers sell their wheat seed at local grain terminals, the presence of the weed seed seriously reduces the price they are paid for their grain.
Winter canola, being a completely different crop from winter wheat, and grown in a one to two or three year rotation with wheat, interrupts the growth pattern of the weeds. Within a few years, this crop rotation greatly reduces or removes the weed threat from the wheat, Neuens said.
As well as its contribution as a perennial weed remover from wheat fields, winter canola is a great money crop in its own right, he said.
“Old crop canola, that is the crop harvested last spring, is selling for $9.80 per bushel,” he said. “Winter wheat’s current price is $7.21 to $7.26 in southwestern Oklahoma.”
Price paid for winter canola seed is usually three to five dollars more than winter wheat prices, he said.