Wheat harvest begins oklahoma
The harvest of wheat, rye and canola fields was reported during the week ending June 9, primarily in southwestern Oklahoma, according to the National Agriculutral Statistics Service, Oklahoma Field Office, June 10.
With only eight percent of wheat harvested as of June 9, this year’s harvest is 38 points behind the five-year average. Planting of summer crops continued slowly, as heavy rains and soggy fields prevented fieldwork. Every Mesonet station recorded rainfall for the past week, with a statewide average of 1.47 inches. While western Oklahoma averaged more than an inch of rain for the week, it remains below normal rainfall for the period since March 1. Recent rainfall has benefitted stock ponds and pasture conditions throughout eastern Oklahoma. Livestock producers in western Oklahoma struggled to find available pasture. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated mostly adequate. Subsoil moisture conditions improved, with 43 percent rated adequate, but 54 percent still rated short to very short. There were only 3.8 days suitable for fieldwork.
Harvest of wheat and rye began in limited areas. Wheat heading was virtually complete and 78 percent was in the soft dough stage of development by the end of the week. Wheat harvest was eight percent complete by June 9, 80 points behind the previous year, and 38 points behind the five-year average. Rye in the soft dough stage was 97 percent complete and a small amount was harvested by week’s end. Oats heading was 93 percent complete and oats in the soft dough stage reached 50 percent by June 9, 31 points behind normal.
Canola was rated mostly fair to poor, with one fifth rated in good condition as harvest began. Canola was 76 percent mature and nine percent had been harvested by the end of the week, compared to 99 percent of canola harvested this week last year.
Corn and peanuts were rated mostly in good condition, and cotton was rated mostly good to fair. Corn planting was 96 percent complete by the end of the week, and 87 percent had emerged. Sorghum seedbed preparation was 83 percent complete, and 38 percent of the crop had been planted by the end of the week. Nineteen percent of sorghum had emerged by week’s end, 20 points below the five-year average. Soybean seedbed preparation was 73 percent complete, and 38 percent had been planted, 26 points behind normal. Eighteen percent of soybeans had emerged by the end of the week. Peanut planting was 89 percent complete by June 9 and 79 percent was emerged. Cotton seedbed preparation was 94 percent complete by the end of the week. Cotton planting was 59 percent complete and 44 percent had emerged by June 9.
Watermelon planting was 92 percent complete by the end of the week, and 47 percent of plants were running vines, down 17 points from the five-year average.
Conditions of alfalfa and other hay were rated mostly good to fair. Hay harvest was behind normal, as wet conditions limited cutting in eastern Oklahoma. A first cutting of alfalfa hay was 83 percent complete by the end of the week, 14 points behind the five year average. A first cutting of other hay was 34 percent complete, 18 points behind normal.
Conditions of pasture and range improved slightly and were rated mostly good to fair. Just over half of the livestock in Oklahoma was rated in good condition, while 35 percent was rated as fair.