Recent rainfall benefits row crops oklahoma
Row crops made significant progress over the week ending July 21, but continued behind the five-year average for various stages of development, according to the National Agricultural Statistics Service, Oklahoma Field Office, July 22.
Conditions for corn were rated mostly good and the condition of sorghum, soybeans and peanuts were rated mostly good to fair. Cotton conditions were rated mostly fair, but had improved from the previous week. Multiple storms during the week resulted in an average rainfall of 1.3 inches for the state. A westward moving storm continued producing beneficial rainfall early in the week, mostly in southwestern Oklahoma, and heavy rain on July 21 brought high totals to northeastern Oklahoma. More rainfall is needed to improve subsoil moisture, particularly in the Panhandle and West Central districts, where precipitation is still 53 and 62 percent of normal, respectively, for the period since March 1. Temperatures averaged in the upper 70s, moderated by the recent rainfall. Pasture and range land continued to be rated mostly good to fair, with 26 percent rated poor to very poor. Limited availability of pasture in some areas meant continuing to supplement livestock herds with feed. Continued problems with grasshoppers were reported. Topsoil moisture conditions rated adequate increased to include 48 percent of the state. Subsoil moisture conditions were rated 36 percent adequate and 64 percent short to very short. There were 5.1 days suitable for fieldwork.
Recent rainfall allowed for improvements in most row crop condition ratings. Corn silking was 69 percent complete by the end of the week, and 17 percent reached the dough state, 31 points below the five-year average. Virtually all sorghum was emerged by July 21 and 18 percent of sorghum was heading, 14 points behind normal. Soybeans emerged was 96 percent complete by week’s end, and 11 percent was blooming, 33 points behind the five-year average. Peanuts pegging was 75 percent complete by July 21 and 26 percent of plants were setting pods, even with the five-year average. Cotton squaring was 39 percent complete by the end of the week, and eight percent was setting bolls, nine points below normal. The watermelon harvest was 16 percent complete, 25 points behind the five-year average.
Conditions of alfalfa and other hay continued to be rated mostly good to fair. A second cutting of alfalfa hay was 93 percent complete by the end of the week, and a third cutting was 23 percent complete by July 21, 36 points behind normal. A first cutting of other hay was 90 percent complete, and a second cutting was 18 percent complete by July 21.
Conditions of pasture and range were rated mostly good to fair. Livestock was rated mostly in good condition.
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