Harvest winding down oklahoma
A later than normal summer harvest was winding down by the end of the week ending July 7, with 90 percent or more of all small grains and canola harvested, according to the National Agricultural Statistics Service, Oklahoma Field Office, July 8.
Row crop planting was virtually complete for all crops except soybeans. Soybean planting was behind normal due to the delayed wheat harvest and the lack of rain during June and July. Most row crops were rated good or good to fair, despite the lack of moisture. Condition ratings for pasture and range declined over the past week, due to the lack of moisture and grasshopper populations in some areas. Temperatures were relatively mild for the first week of July, but were back to 100 degree highs on July 7. Much of the state received no significant rainfall, and all nine districts averaged less than a tenth of an inch of rain for the week. Precipitation since March 1 has been roughly half of normal for the Panhandle and West Central districts. Topsoil moisture conditions continued to decline, with only 36 percent of the state rated adequate. Subsoil moisture conditions were rated 37 percent adequate and 63 percent short to very short. There were 6.8 days suitable for fieldwork.
Harvest continued and was more than 90 percent complete for all small grains by the end of the week. Wheat harvest was 94 percent complete by July 7, and rye harvest was 93 percent complete by week’s end. Ninety percent of oats were harvested by July 7.
Corn, peanuts and soybeans were rated mostly in good condition, while sorghum was rated mostly good to fair and cotton condition ratings declined to mostly fair to poor. Corn silking was 32 percent complete by the end of the week, 30 points below the five-year average. Sorghum planting was 96 percent complete by July 7 and 80 percent had emerged. Five percent of sorghum was heading by the end of the week. Soybean planting was 92 percent complete, and 73 percent had emerged by the end of the week, 16 points below normal.
Peanuts pegging was 55 percent complete by July 7, 10 points ahead of normal. Cotton emerged was 92 percent complete by July 7.
Cotton squaring was 21 percent complete, 17 points behind the five-year average, and a small portion was setting bolls by the end of the week.
Virtually all watermelons were running vines by week’s end. Ninety percent of the crop was setting fruit, six points ahead of normal, but seven points behind the previous year.
Conditions of alfalfa and other hay were rated mostly good to fair. Sunny and dry conditions allowed for significant progress in harvesting hay. A second cutting of alfalfa hay was 76 percent complete by the end of the week, and a third cutting was seven percent complete by July 7, 26 points behind normal. A first cutting of other hay was 83 percent complete, and a second cutting was six percent complete by July 7.
Conditions of pasture and range were rated mostly good to fair. Livestock was rated mostly in good condition, with 32 percent rated in fair condition.