Wide variety of temperatures reported
During the week ending Sept. 9, Kansas producers saw a wide range of temperatures and only scattered precipitation, according to the National Agricultural Statistics Service, Kansas Field Office, Sept. 10.
Weekly temperatures ranged from a high of 108 in Medicine Lodge to a low of 39 degrees at two stations. For the week, temperatures ranged from 1 to 9 degrees above normal. Only nine stations received over one inch of rainfall, led by Leavenworth with 2.00 inches, Newton with 1.80 inches, and Holton with 1.76 inches. Twenty-eight stations received less than one-half inch and three, Tribune, Ulysses, and Smith Center, received no rainfall. Thus far, thirteen stations have received less than ten inches of precipitation this year, mostly in the western districts. For the second consecutive week, producers averaged 5.9 days suitable for fieldwork.
Topsoil moisture supplies were relatively unchanged and were rated at 45 percent very short, 30 percent short, 24 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated at 60 percent very short, 30 percent short, 10 percent adequate, and none surplus. With corn harvest in full swing, small grain producers were preparing for fall planting, and soybean producers were hoping their crop will benefit from the recent rainfall.
Wheat seeding began in all districts last week as two percent of the state's wheat crop was planted by Sept. 9. Corn harvest continued with 41 percent of the acreage harvested by Sept. 9, about three weeks ahead of 20 percent last year and 13 percent for the 5-year average. The crop was 74 percent mature by Sept. 9, ahead of 52 percent last year and 47 percent for the 5-year average. Ninety-five percent of corn fields were in the dent stage, ahead of 92 percent last year and 91 percent for the 5-year average. The condition of the corn crop held steady and was rated as 41 percent very poor, 30 percent poor, 21 percent fair, 8 percent good, and none excellent.
Ninety-one percent of soybeans were setting pods, slightly behind last year at 93 percent and the 5-year average of 96 percent. Twenty-three percent of the soybean crop was dropping leaves, compared to 11 percent last year and 16 percent for the 5-year average. Soybean harvest began in some areas in Kansas, mostly in the East Central District, as 1 percent of the state's soybean acreage was harvested by Sept. 9. The condition of the soybean crop improved slightly to 37 percent very poor, 33 percent poor, 23 percent fair, 6 percent good, and 1 percent excellent.
Sorghum harvest was also underway in all districts last week and was 4 percent complete by Sept. 9. Fourteen percent of the crop was mature, ahead of last year at 4 percent and the 5-year average of 7 percent. Sixty-one percent of the crop was coloring, ahead of 47 percent last year, but behind 63 percent for the 5-year average. Sorghum was 91 percent headed last week, ahead of 88 percent last year but behind 96 percent for the 5-year average. The condition of the sorghum crop was unchanged at 34 percent very poor, 34 percent poor, 24 percent fair, 7 percent good, and 1 percent excellent.
Ninety-five percent of the cotton crop was setting bolls, slightly ahead of 93 percent last year but behind the 5-year average of 99 percent. Thirty-nine percent of the crop had bolls opening, well ahead of 21 percent for last year and 15 percent for the 5-year average. The condition of the cotton crop slightly improved to 7 percent very poor, 25 percent poor, 42 percent fair, 22 percent good, and 4 percent excellent.
The sunflower crop was 95 percent bloomed last week, behind 99 percent last year and 96 percent for the 5-year average. Sixty-seven percent of the crop was in the ray flower dried stage, ahead of 60 percent for last year and 53 percent for the 5-year average. Forty-nine percent of the crop had turned yellow, ahead of 38 percent last year and 24 percent for the 5-year average. Twelve percent of the state's sunflowers had turned brown by Sept. 9, ahead of last year at 9 percent and the 5-year average of 2 percent. The condition of the sunflower crop improved slightly to 20 percent very poor, 28 percent poor, 42 percent fair, 9 percent good, and 1 percent excellent.
The third cutting of alfalfa slowly progressed to 92 percent complete, behind both last year at 93 percent, and the 5-year average of 98 percent. The fourth cutting was 41 percent complete, ahead of 33 percent for last year, but behind the 5-year average of 46 percent.
Range and pasture conditions were relatively unchanged at 61 percent very poor, 28 percent poor, 10 percent fair, and 1 percent good. This continues to be the worst range and pasture condition since the series started in 1995. Hay and forage supplies slightly declined to 41 percent very short, 36 percent short, and 23 percent adequate, while stock water supplies also declined to 45 percent very short, 28 percent short, 27 percent adequate, and none in surplus. With little runoff from recent rains, cattle producers were concerned about water levels in stock ponds as culling of herds continued.