Corn harvest continues
Corn harvest continued during the week ending Sept. 9 with many farmers concentrating on fields with weaker stalks and those damaged by wind, according to the National Agricultural Statistics Service, Iowa Field Office, Sept. 10.
A few producers have also started harvesting soybeans, according to the National Agricultural Statistics Service, Iowa Field Office. There are reports of some farmers being able to get a fourth and even fifth cutting of alfalfa hay.
There were 6.1 days suitable for fieldwork statewide during the past week. Topsoil moisture level is rated at 48 percent very short, 36 percent short, 16 percent adequate, and 0 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture improved slightly and is now rated at 63 percent very short, 30 percent short, 7 percent adequate, and 0 percent surplus.
Ninety-seven percent of the corn crop has reached the dent stage, ahead of last year's 91 percent and the five year average of 79 percent. Seventy-two percent of the corn crop is now mature, well ahead of last year's 28 percent and the five year average of 25 percent. Ten percent of the corn crop has been harvested for grain or seed, three weeks ahead of normal. Moisture content of all corn in the field is estimated at 26 percent while the moisture content of corn being harvested is estimated at 21 percent. Corn lodging is rated at 57 percent none, 25 percent light, 13 percent moderate, and 5 percent heavy. Ear droppage is rated at 71 percent none, 21 percent light, 7 percent moderate, and 1 percent heavy. Corn condition improved slightly and is now rated at 22 percent very poor, 30 percent poor, 32 percent fair, 15 percent good, and 1 percent excellent.
Seventy-seven percent of the soybean crop is turning color, a jump of 26 percentage points from last week. Twenty-six percent of Iowa's soybean fields are dropping leaves, 5 days ahead of last year. Soybean condition is reported at 13 percent very poor, 24 percent poor, 39 percent fair, 23 percent good, and 1 percent excellent.
Twenty-three of Iowa's pasture and range land is rated in fair or better condition. Pasture and range condition improved slightly to 49 percent very poor, 28 percent poor, 19 percent fair, 4 percent good, and 0 percent excellent. Livestock conditions for the week were excellent. Due to poor pasture conditions, some farmers are having to supplement their cattle with grain and hay