Warm early-week temps give way to cold, snow
There were 5.7 days suitable for field work during the week ending Nov. 11, according to the National Agricultural Statistics Service, Nov. 13.
Major activities last week included finishing up fall tillage, baling corn stover, hauling grain and hay, fertilizing, moving cattle to stubble fields and preparing for winter.
Warm early-week conditions gave way to very cold temperatures and a little snow over the weekend, according to the State Climate Office of South Dakota. Strong northerly winds along with the cold air blew the light snow causing difficult travel conditions on Saturday while thunder accompanied rains in the southeastern part of the state. Overall again precipitation was mainly lighter, largely leaving drought conditions unchanged.
Precipitation was a bit more widespread for the week with nearly all locations receiving some precipitation. About half the stations were actually above average for the week. The far southeast had the most precipitation overall. Vermillion had the highest total for the week at 0.51 inches. Several stations had only a few hundredths for the week. Mitchell had the least with only a trace reported for the week.
Statewide average temperatures were in the lower 30s across the north to lower 40s in the south. These temperatures ranged from 3 F below average to 5 F above average. Many stations reached the 70s. Rapid City had the high at 75 F. Custer had the coldest at 0 F.
Soil temperatures averaged mainly in the 40's statewide. Oacoma had the high temperature at 47 F; Aberdeen had the low at 40 F.
Winter wheat was 43 percent emerged, behind last year's estimate of 98 percent and the five year average of 97 percent emerged. Winter wheat condition was rated at 21 percent very poor, 32 percent poor, 44 percent fair and 3 percent good.
Cattle conditions were rated at 72 percent good to excellent, 25 percent fair and 3 percent poor. Sheep conditions were rated at 80 percent good to excellent condition, 17 percent fair and 3 percent poor. Stock water supplies were rated at 37 percent very short, 39 percent short, 24 percent adequate. Feed supplies were rated at 23 percent very short, 36 percent short and 41 percent adequate to surplus.