Another dry week
During the week ending July 1, Kansas producers experienced another week of record high temperatures and only scattered precipitation, according to the National Agricultural Statistics Service, Kansas Field Office, July 2.
Several stations set national high temperatures and broke records that were over 100 years old. Statewide, Hill City, Healy, and Alton were the hottest with a weekly high of 115 degrees. Baileyville, with 96 degrees, was the only station to have a weekly high temperature under 100 degrees. The average weekly temperature was a sweltering 7 to 15 degrees above normal.
Along with the record heat last week, only 5 of the 53 stations had more than one-half inch of rain. Only WaKeeney, at 1.53 inches, reported over an inch of rain, followed by Belleville and Concordia with 0.79 inch and 0.72 inch, respectively. Twenty-seven stations received no precipitation whatsoever. Because of the isolated rainfall, only Hill City and WaKeeney received above normal precipitation for the week. Only one station, Wilmore at 0.06 inch, recorded any precipitation in the South Central, East Central, and Southeast Districts combined.
Producers were nearly able to work the full 7 days with a statewide average of 6.7 days suitable for fieldwork last week. Because of the hot and dry wind last week, topsoil moisture supplies declined significantly to 40 percent very short, 41 percent short, 19 percent adequate, and none as surplus. Over 90 percent of the topsoil moisture supplies in the western third of the state were rated from very short to short. Kansas subsoil moisture supplies also declined to 37 percent very short, 42 percent short, and 21 percent adequate. As the persistent heat and wind continued to hit Kansas last week, the condition of all row crops declined.
Wheat harvest was all but completed by July 1 with only a few fields in Kansas yet to be harvested. By this time last year, 76 percent of the wheat was harvested, and on average, 63 percent of the wheat had been harvested by this time.
Forty-five percent of the corn was in the silking stage by July 1, ahead of last year at 11 percent and the 5-year average of 18 percent. The West Central and Northwest Districts had less than 10 percent of their corn silking, while the Southeast District had 91 percent silking. Eight percent of the corn crop was already in the dough stage. The condition of the corn crop continued to decline to 10 percent very poor, 21 percent poor, 43 percent fair, 24 percent good, and 2 percent excellent.
Only 2 percent of the Kansas soybean crop was not emerged by July 1, compared to 6 percent last year and 11 percent for the 5-year average. Sixteen percent of the soybeans were blooming, roughly a week ahead of last year at 5 percent and the 5-year average of 6 percent. The condition of the crop declined to 6 percent very poor, 17 percent poor, 47 percent fair, 29 percent good, and 1 percent excellent.
Only 2 percent of the sorghum crop was yet to be planted on July 1, as 87 percent of the sorghum fields had emerged by the end of last week. Last year, 84 percent had emerged while the 5-year average was 83 percent. Two percent of the sorghum fields had headed, mostly in the Southeast District. The condition of the sorghum crop also declined and was rated as 8 percent very poor, 20 percent poor, 51 percent fair, 19 percent good, and 2 percent excellent.
Cotton continued to progress ahead of normal with 44 percent of the crop in the squaring stage, compared to 28 percent last year and 22 percent for the 5-year average. Two percent of the cotton crop was already setting bolls. The condition of the cotton crop declined to 1 percent very poor, 5 percent poor, 53 percent fair, 37 percent good, and 4 percent excellent.
Planting of the sunflower crop progressed to 93 percent complete, ahead of last year at 84 percent and the 5-year average of 83 percent. The crop was 86 percent emerged, well ahead of 68 percent the previous year and 64 percent for the 5-year average. Three percent of the sunflowers were blooming by July 1. The condition of the sunflower crop declined to 8 percent very poor, 16 percent poor, 53 percent fair, 22percent good, and 1 percent excellent.
Alfalfa continued to be cut well ahead of normal with 94 percent of the second cutting complete, compared to 58 percent last year and the 5-year average of 53 percent. Twenty-four percent of the third cutting had been completed.
The condition of Kansas range and pasture continued to significantly decline last week and was rated at 29 percent very poor, 35 percent poor, 29 percent fair, 7 percent good, and none in the excellent category. Hay and forage supplies declined to 15 percent very short, 29 percent short, 55 percent adequate and 1 percent surplus. Stock water supplies declined to 18 percent very short, 29 percent short, 53 percent adequate, and none as surplus. Kansas producers were weaning their calves and culling their herds earlier than preferred as pastures turned brown from the hot and dry conditions.