Drought continued to hamper small grains
Small grains and canola were rated in fair to poor condition with no significant moisture to aid development during the week ending Nov. 25, according to the National Agricultural Statistics Service, Oklahoma Field Office, Nov. 26.
Reports of fields not yet emerged or in declining condition were common. Wheat emergence was behind normal progress and only 14 percent of the crop was rated good to excellent. The continuing drought reduced the potential for small grain grazing. Livestock operators were also faced with dried up ponds, poor grasses and continued supplementation of feed. A few showers fell across Oklahoma over the past week, with a quarter inch in Broken Bow the highest total.
The Drought Monitor continued to show all of Oklahoma in a moderate to exceptional drought (D1-D4) and almost 72 percent of the state was in an extreme to exceptional drought (D3-D4), as of Nov. 20. Both topsoil and subsoil moisture conditions continued to be rated short to very short, declining further over the past week. There were 6.8 days suitable for fieldwork.
Conditions for wheat and rye and canola were rated mostly fair to poor, and oats were rated mostly fair. Eighty-nine percent of the wheat crop had emerged by the end of the week, four points behind the five year average. Oat seedbed preparation was 87 percent complete and 47 percent had been planted. Forty-two percent of oats had emerged by Nov. 25, 16 points behind normal. The fall harvest was winding down ahead of normal. Soybeans harvested was 96 percent complete by Nov. 25, eight points ahead of normal. Peanuts combined was 96 percent complete by the end of the week, even with the five-year average. Harvest of cotton was 86 percent complete by week's end, 21 points ahead of normal.
The fourth cutting of alfalfa was 83 percent complete by the end of the week, 60 points ahead of one year ago. The second cutting of other hay was 78 percent complete, ten points behind normal, but 17 points ahead of last year's progress.
Conditions of pasture and range continued to be rated mostly poor to very poor. Livestock conditions were still rated mostly good to fair as operators continued to supplement and feed hay to herds. Stock pond levels continued to decline without significant rainfall.