For the week ending May 22, cool spring weather hit the state, characterized by intermittent rain showers, hail, and tornadoes, according to the national Agricultural Statistics Service, Missouri Field Office, on May 23. Flood waters continued to drain in the southeast district (Bootheel), but the central district experienced flash flooding along the Moreau and Moniteau Rivers. Statewide there were 3.0 days suitable for fieldwork. The south-central district enjoyed 4.1 days suitable for fieldwork, but the central district was limited to 1.6 days. Topsoil moisture supply was 1 percent short, 53 percent adequate, and 46 percent surplus. Despite the cool spring, and unforeseen flooding in the Bootheel, spring tillage was 79 percent state-wide, the same as the historic 5-year average (normal), and very similar to last year's 81 percent.
Corn planting proceeded around the state and replanting amped up in the Bootheel. Corn planted was 88 percent, 3 days ahead of 2010, and 4 days ahead of normal. Corn emergence was 69 percent, 1 day behind last year, but 4 days ahead of normal. Corn condition was 2 percent very poor, 7 percent poor, 33 percent fair, 49 percent good, and 9 percent excellent. Planted soybeans advanced 12 points to 33 percent, 4 days ahead of last year, and 1 day ahead of normal. Soybean emergence was 13 percent, the same as last year. Cotton planting jumped 38 points to 77 percent, 9 days behind 2010, and 3 days behind normal. Flooding in the Bootheel postponed rice planting earlier in the season, stalling emergence, and decreasing condition. Rice planting was 53 percent complete, 32 days behind last year and 25 days behind normal. Rice emerged was 32 percent, compared to 97 percent last year and the 5-year historic average of 80 percent. Rice condition was 39 percent poor, 47 percent fair, and 14 percent good. Sorghum was 17 percent planted, 5 points behind last year and 18 points behind normal. Winter wheat was 90 percent headed, 8 days ahead of last year, and 4 days ahead of normal. Concerns over wheat diseases continued to rise as the weather remained wet. Winter wheat condition was 10 percent very poor, 17 percent poor, 30 percent fair, 36 percent good, and 7 percent excellent.
Pasture development continued to be very slow across the northern portion of the state due to continued cool weather. Pasture condition was 3 percent poor, 33 percent fair, 53 percent good, and 11 percent excellent.
Precipitation averaged 1.46 inches statewide with the central district leading the state at 2.33 inches. Temperatures were 2 to 3 degrees below average in the northwest district while the rest of the state was 3 to 4 degrees below average.
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