Young farmers, ranchers face concerns but express optimism
Profitability, increasing government regulations and the impact of activist groups are the top concerns of America's leading young farmers and ranchers, according to a survey conducted by the American Farm Bureau Federation.
Despite the challenges, 80 percent of those responding to AFBF's 18th annual survey of young farmers and ranchers say they are more optimistic than they were five years ago, while 82 percent say they are better off than they were five years ago.
"Last year was a tough year economically for many sectors of agriculture," said AFBF YF&R Committee Chair Will Gilmer, a dairy farmer from Lamar County, Ala. "But despite the challenges, the survey shows young farmers and ranchers are optimistic and hopeful. We expect a bright future ahead."
The informal survey shows young farmers and ranchers have a high level of apprehension about government climate change regulations, with 79 percent of those surveyed expressing high or very high concern.
A huge majority of those surveyed expressed concern about the impact of activist groups on their farm and ranch operations. A total of 85 percent were concerned or very concerned about activist groups. Only 7 percent expressed little or no concern.
"Activist groups are becoming more and more vocal, so that is something we always have to keep our eyes on," Gilmer said. "There is also a great deal of concern about all the ways the government wants to regulate us, whether it's cap-and-trade or different Environmental Protection Agency rules."
Respondents were asked to rank their top three challenges, and 24 percent ranked overall profitability as the top, followed by government regulations at 23 percent. Two other concerns tied for third on that list, with competition from more established farms and ranches and willingness of parents to share management responsibilities each receiving 9 percent.
And when it comes to what steps the federal government can take to help farmers and ranchers, 23 percent ranked cut federal spending as No. 1. Boosting U.S. agricultural exports ranked second, selected by 14 percent of respondents. Providing greater help to beginning farmers was third at 11 percent.
A sizable majority, 83 percent, said they believe farm income should come totally from the marketplace, while only 17 percent said farm income should be supplemented by government farm program payments.
Young farmers and ranchers are also committed environmental stewards, with 68 percent saying that balancing environmental and economic concerns is important for their operations. The survey says 58 percent used conservation tillage on their farms.
The majority of those surveyed, 57 percent, plan to plant biotech crops this year, while 43 percent said they do not plan to do so.
The survey also shows the Internet is an important tool for young farmers and ranchers. Nearly 99 percent said they have access to and use the Internet, with the vast majority, 72 percent, saying they have access to a high-speed Internet connection. Only 20 percent rely on slower dial-up connections, and 8 percent turn to more costly satellite connections.
The social media site Facebook is very popular with young farmers and ranchers. Nearly three-quarters of those surveyed have a Facebook page. Ten percent of the young farmers say they use the micro-blogging website Twitter, while about 12 percent say they post YouTube videos.
Communicating with consumers is also important, with 77 saying they consider reaching out to the public about agriculture and their operations an important part of their jobs as farmers and ranchers.
"We're recognizing that we need to get out there and talk with our consumers, and we are doing so," Gilmer said. "Social media is just one more avenue for us to reach those who buy and consume what we produce."
In addition, the Internet is an important tool for the group to access both general and farm news, with 84 percent saying they use the web for that function. Seventy-two percent said they turn to the Internet to collect buying information for their operations.
The survey also reveals the group's strong commitment to agriculture, with 96 percent saying they consider themselves lifelong farmers or ranchers. They also express hope for the next generation, with 98 percent saying they would like to see their children follow in their footsteps; 85 percent believe their children will be able to follow in their footsteps.
"Young farmers and ranchers share the same traditional hopes and values that have always guided agriculture," said AFBF President Bob Stallman. "This survey shows that the future of American agriculture is in caring and capable hands."
The informal survey of young farmers and ranchers, ages 18 to 35, was conducted during AFBF's 2010 YF&R Leadership Conference in Tulsa, Okla., in February. There were 373 respondents to the informal survey.