Hog and pig numbers released
South Dakota: The state's Dec. 1, 2009 inventory of all hogs and pigs was 1.17 million head, down 9 percent from one year ago and also down 9 percent from Sept. 1, 2009, according to the South Dakota office of USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.
Breeding stock totaled 145,000 head, down 6 percent from December 2008 and down 3 percent from September 2009. Market hogs totaled 1,025,000 head, down 9 percent from last year and also down 9 percent from this September.
The September through November pig crop was 808,000 head, down 2 percent from 823,000 head last year. During the quarter 80,000 sows farrowed, down 5 percent from 2008 and down 4 percent from last quarter. Pigs per litter averaged 10.10, up from the previous year's 9.80. Producers intend to farrow 74,000 sows during December through February, 11 percent below the actual farrowings a year ago. Intentions for March through May are for 76,000 farrowings, down from 86,000 actual farrowings one year earlier.
Access this complete report at: http://usda.mannlib.cornell.edu/usda/nass/HogsPigs//2000s/2009/HogsPigs-12-30-2009.pdf.
Nebraska: Nebraska inventory of all hogs and pigs on Dec. 1, 2009, was 3.15 million head, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service, Nebraska Field Office. This was down 6 percent from Dec. 1, 2008 and down 6 percent from Sept. 1, 2009. Breeding hog inventory, at 370,000 head, was down 3 percent from Dec. 1, 2008 and down 3 percent from last quarter. Market hog inventory, at 2.78 million head, was down 6 percent from last year and down 6 percent from last quarter.
The September-November 2009 Nebraska pig crop, at 1.80 million head, was 1 percent below 2008. Sows farrowing during the period totaled 180,000 head, down 3 percent from last year.
Nebraska hog producers intend to farrow 175,000 sows during the December 2009-February 2010 quarter, down 5 percent from the actual farrowings during the same period a year ago. Intended farrowings for March-May 2010, are 180,000 sows, down 5 percent from the actual farrowings during the same period the previous year.
Iowa: On Dec. 1, 2009 there were 19.3 million hogs and pigs on Iowa farms, down 400,000 from Sept. 1, 2009, and down
600,000 from a year ago.
The September-November 2009 pig crop was 4.90 million head. A total of 500,000 sows farrowed with an average litter size of 9.80 pigs per sow.
As of Dec. 1, 2009 producers planned to farrow 500,000 head of sows and gilts in the December 2009 to February 2010 quarter. Farrowing intentions for the March-May 2010 period were estimated at 500,000 as of Dec. 1, 2009.
Missouri: The Dec. 1, 2009 inventory of Missouri hogs and pigs is estimated at 3.10 million head according to the USDA's Missouri Agricultural Statistics Service. "Inventories are remaining stable as litter rates continue to be well above average," says Gene Danekas, director. "Current levels are 50,000 head above September but 50,000 head below last December." Breeding hogs are estimated at 360,000 head, 3 percent above the previous quarter but 3 percent below last year. Market hogs are estimated at 2.74 million head, 1 percent above Sept. 1, 2009 but 1 percent below a year earlier.
The National Agricultural Statistics Service has changed some market hog weight group categories used in its quarterly Hogs and Pigs report, beginning with the Dec. 30, 2009 report. The changes will align NASS data with international trade data and will allow a more uniform analysis of the North American hog inventory. NASS will now report market hog weights in an "under 50 pounds" group and a "50-119 pounds" group instead of "under 60 pounds" and "60-119 pounds." Other market weight groups will remain the same. This Hogs and Pigs report will include national- and state-level data for the new weight groups dating back to March 2008 in order to allow for historical analysis of the new weight groups.
The September-November 2009 pig crop was estimated at 1.88 million head, down 3 percent from the same period a year earlier but 2 percent above the June-August 2009 quarter. Farrowings, at 190,000 sows, were down 10,000 sows from a year ago but 5,000 sows more than farrowed the previous quarter. Pigs saved per litter, at 9.90 pigs, rose 3 percent from the 9.65 pigs saved a year earlier but fell 1 percent from the 10.0 pigs saved the previous quarter.
Missouri hog producers intend to farrow 190,000 sows during December 2009-February 2010, the same as the number that were actually farrowed during the same period a year earlier. During March-May 2010, hog producers expect to farrow 190,000 sows, 5,000 head more than the actual farrowings in the comparable period a year earlier.
Texas: The Dec. 1, 2009 Texas hog and pig inventory, at 770,000 head was down 31 percent from the December 2008 number of 1.12 million head. The number of breeding hogs totaled 60,000 head, down 40 percent from last year's estimate, according to figures released by the Texas Field Office.
The Dec. 1, 2009 market hog inventory totaled 710,000 head, 92 percent of the total hog and pig inventory. The inventory of market hogs weighing less than 50 pounds, at 145,000 was down 49 percent from the previous year. The inventory of hogs weighing 50 to 119 pounds, at 170,000 head, was down 28 percent from the December 2008 inventory. Market hogs weighing 120 to 179 pounds, totaled 165,000 head, 80 percent below last year, and hogs weighing 180 pounds or more, at 230,000 head, were 78 percent below the previous year's estimate.
The 2009 Texas pig crop totaled 1.61 million head, 13 percent below the 2008 pig crop. From December 2008 through November 2009, pigs per litter averaged 9.44, up 6 percent from the previous year. State Director, Doug Rundle, reported that 171,000 sows farrowed in Texas during December 2008 through November 2009, compared to 207,000 the previous year.
Oklahoma: Oklahoma's inventory of all hogs and pigs on Dec. 1, 2009, was estimated at 2.31 million head, down 2 percent from September 1, 2009, and down 4 percent from Dec. 1, 2008.
Breeding inventory of 410,000 head was up 3 percent from last year but unchanged from the previous quarter. The market hog inventory was down 5 percent from the previous year and totaled 1.90 million head. Weight group breakdowns consisted of 790,000 pigs in the under 50-pound group; 390,000 in the 50-119 pound group; 240,000 in the 120-179 pound group; and 480,000 pigs in the 180 pound plus group.
The September to November 2009 pig crop totaled 1.81 million head, up 3 percent from last year, but unchanged from last quarter.
The 190,000 sows farrowed were unchanged from the number farrowed during the previous quarter.
Montana: The inventory of all hogs and pigs in Montana on Dec. 1, 2009 was 175,000 head, unchanged from a year ago, according to the National Agricultural Statistics Service, Montana Field Office. Breeding stock was up 5 percent to 23,000 head but market hogs were down 1 percent to 152,000 head.
There were 42,500 sows that farrowed in Montana during the December 2008 through November 2009 season, up 15 percent from a year ago. The number of pigs per litter decreased slightly to 10.14 and resulted in an annual pig crop of 431,000 head, a 15 percent increase from last year.
Minnesota: Minnesota hog producers had an inventory of 7.4 million hogs and pigs on Dec. 1, 2009, down 1 percent from last year, but up 1 percent from the Sept. 1, 2009, figure, according to the National Agricultural Statistics Service, Minnesota Field Office.
Breeding hogs totaled 560,000 head, down 3 percent from a year earlier and market hogs and pigs at 6.84 million head, were down 1 percent from a year ago.
Minnesota's September 2009-November 2009 pig crop totaled 2.86 million head, up 2 percent from a year earlier and up 4 percent from the June 2009-August 2009 pig crop. The 285 thousand sows that farrowed averaged 10.05 pigs per litter, up from 9.85 a year ago.
Hog producers in Minnesota intend to farrow 290 thousand sows during the December 2009-February 2010 quarter. If realized, this would be up 2 percent from the same period a year earlier. Producers intend to farrow 295 thousand sows during the March-May 2010 quarter. If realized, this would be up 4 percent from the same period in 2009.