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Crop production

numbers released for Iowa


Cool weather slowed crop development in July, but conditions remained near all-time highs as soil moisture supplies remained mostly adequate. A late July hail storm destroyed some corn and soybean fields in northeastern counties.

Iowa's corn planted and harvested for grain acreage is estimated at 13.7 million and 13.35 million acres, respectively. As of Aug. 1, Iowa's corn crop is forecast to yield 185.0 bushels per acre. If realized, this would be a record high yield, surpassing 2004's 181.0 bushels per acre. Production is forecasted at a record high 2.47 billion bushels, exceeding the previous record of 2.38 billion bushels established in 2007.

Farmers planted 9.80 million acres of soybeans and plan to harvest 9.73 million acres. The Aug. 1 yield forecast of 52.0 bushels per acre is up 6.0 bushels from 2008. If realized, this would tie the 2007 yield as the second highest on record and trails the 2005 record yield by 0.5 bushel per acre. Soybean production would be 506 million bushels, up from last year's production of 445 million bushels. This would be the third largest production on record behind 2005 and 2006.

Oat production is forecast at 6.37 million bushels, up from 4.88 million bushels last year. The forecast yield of 67.0 bushels per acre is 4 bushels per acre below the July 1 forecast, but 2 bushels above 2008.

The hay yield for alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures is expected to be 3.80 tons per acre with a total production of 3.80 million tons, down 13 percent from 2008. The other hay yield is projected at 2.1 tons per acre with a total production of 777,000 tons, down 19 percent from 2008. The Aug. 1 apple forecast of 4.2 million pounds is down 11 percent from the previous year.

All crop forecasts in this report are based on conditions on Aug. 1 and do not reflect weather effects since that time.

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