0713SDcropreportMRko.cfm Storms, rain hinder some crops
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Storms, rain hinder some crops

South Dakota

Storms with strong winds, hail and heavy rains hindered crops in some areas of the state during the week ending July 12 while others are dealing with insect problems and lack of moisture, according to the National Agricultural Statistics Service, South Dakota Field Office, July 13.

There were 5.0 days suitable for field work last week. Major farm activities included cutting of hay and spraying of row crops, when weather permitted and getting ready for small grain harvest.

Widespread severe weather across the state (including wind gusts over 70 mph and hail up to 3 inches in diameter) caused crop damage, according to the State Climate Office of South Dakota. Damage to corn, soybean and small grains were reported in several areas of the state. While storm reports were statewide, much of the precipitation fell in the eastern half of the state with an additional storm path just north of the Nebraska border west of the river. Northwestern areas of the state received less than a few tenths in many areas. Dupree reported the lowest amount with no recorded precipitation last week. Vermillion had the highest at 5.12 inches.

The string of cooler temperatures continues across the state as temperatures again were generally 1 to 4 F below average. Some western stations were near or slightly above average temperature. High temperatures for the week were quite moderate. Oelrichs and Porcupine reported the highest temperature of the week at 94 F. Buffalo, McIntosh and Custer reported the lowest temperature at 49 F. Growing degree totals vary widely from near average to 10 days behind.

Topsoil moisture rated 75 percent having adequate to surplus moisture, rating better than last year by 7 percentage points. Subsoil moisture rated at 69 percent adequate to surplus, below last year's 81 percent.

Winter wheat harvest has begun around the state with 1 percent harvested, compared to 2 percent last year and the five-year average of 22 percent harvested. Only 21 percent of winter wheat is rated ripe. Spring wheat headed is at 87 percent, 11 percentage points behind the five-year average. Twenty-four percent of spring wheat has turned color equal to last year, but behind the 51 percent five-year average. Soybeans are at 28 percent blooming, behind the five-year average of 36 percent. Corn height this week averaged 38 inches, ahead of last year by 3 inches, but still behind the five-year average of 47 inches. Ninety-five percent of corn has been cultivated or sprayed once, and 56 percent has been cultivated or sprayed twice. Two percent of the corn has tasseled, behind the five-year average by 11 percentage points. Sorghum is at 6 percent headed, slightly behind the five-year average of 8 percent.

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