Missouri soybeans, hay production increase, corn declines
"Despite the trials of the growing season most crops enjoyed better than normal yields" said Gene Danekas, Director, Missouri Agricultural Statistics.
Missouri soybean production totaled 191 million bushels in 2008, up 9 percent from the 2007 crop. Farmers in Missouri harvested 5.03 million of the 5.20 million acres planted in the state, up 8 percent from last year. Missouri yields averaged 38 bushels per acre, up half a bushel from last year but 7 bushels per acre below the record set in 2004.
Corn grain production in Missouri during 2008 totaled 382 million bushels, 17 percent below a year earlier. Yields for the state averaged 144 bushels per acre, up 2 bushels from the 2007 yield but 18 bushels below the record 2004 yield. Corn for grain was produced from 2.65 million acres out of 2.80 million planted acres, while 50,000 acres were cut for silage, producing 700,000 tons. Grain harvested acreage was 18 percent below last year while silage acreage decreased 44 percent.
Missouri grain sorghum production totaled 7.76 million bushels, down 23 percent from 2007. Planted acreage, at 90,000 acres, was down 20,000 acres from 2007. Sorghum for grain was harvested on 80,000 acres. Average yield for the state was 97 bushels per acre, 1 bushel above 2007 but 11 bushels below the record yield in 2004. Silage was cut on 4,000 acres with a yield of 9 tons per acre. A year earlier 3,000 acres were harvested for silage averaging 12 tons per acre.
Missouri cotton production is estimated at 670,000 bales, 12 percent below 2007. The state yield is estimated at 1,061 pounds per acre, 93 pounds higher than last year and the highest yield on record, 7 pounds per acre above the 1,054 pounds per acre picked in 2004. Planted acreage of 306,000 acres was 19 percent below last year. Farmers harvested 303,000 acres, 20 percent below a year earlier.
Rice production in Missouri during 2008 totaled 13.2 million cwt, 7 percent above last year's crop but 7 percent below the record production in 2005. Yield is estimated at 6,620 pounds per acre, 280 pounds below the record 2007 level. Farmers harvested 199,000 of the 200,000 planted acres.
Tobacco production for 2008 totaled 3.36 million pounds, down 10 percent from last year. The state yield of 2,240 pounds is 90 pounds less than a year earlier. Missouri farmers harvested 1,500 acres of tobacco, 6 percent less than the previous year.
Commercial potato production in Missouri for 2008 totaled 1.24 million cwt, 38 percent below the 2007 production. The 6,500 acres harvested produced a yield of 190 cwt, down 110 cwt., from last year. There were 7,200 acres planted, 6 percent more than a year earlier.
Hay production in Missouri totaled 8.92 million tons, 18 percent above the 2007 production. Missouri hay yields averaged 2.11 tons per acre, compared with 1.86 tons per acre a year earlier. Harvested area of all hay, at 4.23 million acres, increased 4 percent from 2007.
U. S. soybean production up 1 percent, corn down 7 percent
U.S. soybean production in 2008 totaled 2.96 billion bushels, up 1 percent from the November forecast and up 11 percent from 2007. U.S. production is the fourth largest on record. The average yield per acre is estimated at 39.6 bushels, 0.3 bushel above the November forecast but 2.1 bushels below last year's yield. Harvested area is up 16 percent from 2007, to a record 74.6 million acres.
Corn for grain production in the U. S. in 2008 is estimated at 12.1 billion bushels, up 1 percent from the November forecast but 7 percent below last year's record high. The average U.S. grain yield is estimated at 153.9 bushels per acre, up 0.1 bushel from the November forecast and 3.2 bushels above 2007. The 2008 yield is the second highest on record, behind 2004, and production is second largest, behind last year.
U. S. sorghum grain production in 2008 is estimated at 472 million bushels, up 2 percent from the November forecast but 5 percent below 2007. Planted area is estimated at 8.28 million acres, up 7 percent from last year, and area harvested for grain, at 7.27 million acres, is up 7 percent from 2007. Average grain yield, at 65.0 bushels per acre, is up 2.0 bushels from the previous forecast but down 8.2 bushels from last year.
All cotton production in the U. S. is estimated at 13.0 million 480-pound bales, down 4 percent from last month and down 32 percent from 2007. The U.S. yield is estimated at 810 pounds per acre, down 33 pounds from the December forecast and down 69 pounds from last year's record high. Harvested area, at 7.73 million acres, is down less than 1 percent from December and down 26 percent from last year.
Rice production in the U. S. in 2008 is estimated at 204 million cwt, up slightly from the previous forecast and up 3 percent from 2007. Planted area is estimated at 3.00 million acres, up 8 percent from 2007. Area for harvest, at 2.98 million acres, is up 2 percent from the previous forecast and up 8 percent from the previous crop year. The average yield for all U.S. rice is estimated at 6,846 pounds per acre, down 113 pounds from the previous forecast and 373 pounds below the 2007 record yield of 7,219 pounds per acre.
Production of dry hay for 2008 in the U. S. is estimated at 146 million tons, down 3 percent from the October 1 forecast and down 1 percent from the 2007 total. Area harvested, at 60.1 million acres, is down 1 percent from the October forecast and down 2 percent from 2007. The average yield, at 2.43 tons per acre, is down 0.06 ton from October but up 0.02 ton from the previous year.