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Missouri corn and soybean acreage above year earlier


"Missouri producers struggled for a second straight season, with planting progress lagging as much as 3 weeks behind normal," said Gene Danekas, Director, USDA-Missouri Agricultural Statistics. "Excess rainfall and improving markets have convinced producers to plant 350,000 more acres of soybeans than anticipated in March."

Although Missouri corn planting was delayed throughout the spring by cool, wet weather, plantings are indicated at 3.10 million acres, 11 percent above last year, and 2 percent above what farmers intended to plant in March. Corn acres for harvest for grain are forecast at 3.00 million, up 13 percent from 2008. As of June 28, 2009, 54 percent of the crop was in good to excellent condition with 8 percent silked, 8 days behind normal.

Soybean planted and to be planted acreage in Missouri is forecast at 5.40 million acres, 4 percent above 2008. If realized, this would be the largest planted acreage since 1999 and 350,000 acres above farmers March intentions. Soybean planting was 2 weeks behind normal by the middle of June but open weather during the last full week of June allowed farmers to reach 90 percent planted as of June 28, only 5 days behind the normal pace. Harvested acres are expected to total 5.35 million acres, 6 percent above last year. Fifty-three percent of the crop was in good to excellent condition as of June 28, 2009.

Missouri winter wheat producers are expected to harvest 720,000 acres of the 800,000 acres planted last fall. If realized, the harvested acreage would be down 38 percent from last year and the lowest harvested acreage since 2005. The number of wheat acres that had been harvested doubled during the last full week in June, reaching 58 percent complete, 3 days behind average as dry weather enabled rapid progress over the state. Seeded acres of oats in Missouri are estimated at 15,000 acres, unchanged from last year, while acres to be harvested for grain are indicated at 10,000 acres, up 4,000 acres from a year earlier.

Total area of all hay to be harvested in Missouri this year is estimated at 3.88 million acres, with 3.55 million acres of other hay and 330,000 acres of alfalfa. Total hay acreage is down 8 percent from last year. Cotton planted acres in Missouri are estimated at 305,000, down slightly from last year's level and the lowest level since 1990. Seventeen percent of the cotton acreage was squaring as of June 28, over 2 weeks behind normal. Planted area of Missouri rice this year is estimated at 195,000 acres, 3 percent below 2008. Sixty-six percent of the rice crop was in good to excellent condition as of June 28.

Planted acres of sorghum in Missouri are estimated at 80,000, the lowest planted acreage on record. Sorghum to be harvested for grain is forecast at 75,000 acres, 5,000 acres below last year and the lowest harvested acreage since 1954. Fifty-eight percent of the sorghum crop was in good to excellent condition as of June 28. Potatoes planted in Missouri are estimated at 7,000 acres, down 200 acres from last year, while harvested acres are forecast 200 acres more than a year ago at 6,700 acres.

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