OSU water research receives funding
In a first to the state of Oklahoma, Oklahoma State University's Division of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources will receive $226,890 in grant funding from the U.S. Geological Survey, provided through the Oklahoma Water Resources Research Institute.
OWRRI and USGS officials are funding the division study on eastern red cedar encroachment and the water cycle in the tall grass prairie, two key elements of ecosystem health for Oklahoma.
And with good reason: Water is among the world's most vital resources, reminds Chris Zou, assistant professor with the OSU department of natural resource ecology and management and principal investigator of the study.
"Oklahoma is one of the key U.S. locales where woodlands meet grasslands," Zou said. "Changes in vegetation have a great effect on water cycles and the recharging of groundwater supplies. This, in turn, affects every aspect of water use, be it by people or wildlife."
In the Great Plains, tall grass prairie is rapidly transforming to woodland largely because of the encroachment of eastern red cedar trees.
"Of Oklahoma's 17 million acres of rangeland including prairie, 8 million acres are currently overgrown with eastern red cedar," said Dave Engle, holder of OSU's Thomas E. Berry Endowed Chair in Integrated Water Research and Extension. "That number is increasing at an alarming rate, equivalent to 762 acres a day."
One of the vital elements of the study will be to determine specific data about how the encroachment of eastern red cedar trees in tall grass prairie alters the dynamic response between precipitation and water loss through vegetation canopy interception.
Another important aspect will be to determine more exactly how red cedar encroachment increases root depth and alters seasonal water-use patterns.
"For example, it is known that red cedar trees use water year-round," Zou said. "However, the degree of difference in water use between grasslands without red cedar and those with red cedar encroachment is not known. Land managers could benefit greatly from having this information."
The study will also examine the degree to which eastern red cedar encroachment can reduce stream flow production at the watershed level.
Engle, who serves as director of the division's Water Research and Extension Center, said proliferation of woody plants is a challenge to rangeland managers across the globe.
"It's both an economic and ecological issue, mainly because water-use efficiency by people, plants and wildlife affects everyone and everything in the long run," he said. "Water, by its very nature, is a highly interconnected and integrated natural system."
The study also is expected to pay dividends to Oklahoma's ongoing 50-year water plan.
"In our public meetings regarding the water plan, we heard from many citizens--particularly the agricultural community--who were concerned about the impact of cedars on water availability," said Mike Langston, OWRRI assistant director. "The magnitude of their impact is not well understood. We believe this is an important study to help the state plan for the future."
Clarence Watson, associate director of the statewide Oklahoma Agricultural Experiment Station system, said the study is a great example of the division's commitment to its land-grant mission.
"We have a state and federal mandate to help Oklahomans solve concerns and issues of importance to them, their families and communities," Watson said. "Water-use efficiency and availability is certainly one of the foremost challenges facing society today, and will become even more important in the years and decades to come."